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Math on climate change was wrong

first_imgCategories: Letters to the Editor, OpinionRegarding R. Anderson’s Feb. 18 letter on climate change: His math says 2017’s undisputed 2ppm CO2 increase converts to 400 gigatons (Gt) of human CO2 emissions. He claims that humans emit closer to 8 gigatons, nowhere near 400, proving his argument against anthropogenic climate change. But as our sixth-grade math teachers told us, show your work.Mr. Anderson didn’t. University of Washington professor L. Jaegle does the math in his ATM S 211 class, available online. Given a weight of 44 for CO2 and an “80 percent N2-28 / 20 percent O2-32” atmosphere weighing five million gigatons, here we go: (2/1,000,000) x (44/(0.8×28+0.2×32)) x 5,000,000 = 15.3 Gt CO2. A two ppm CO2 rise is equivalent to 15.3 Gt, not 400 Gt, as claimed by Mr. Anderson.What of his claim that National Geographic accounts for just eight gigatons per year of CO2 fossil fuel emissions in 2007? He didn’t read the y-axis label on the magazine’s chart, which is for Carbon-12, not CO2-44, as he claimed. Eight Gt/yr of C-12 in the chart converts to 8 x (44/12) = 29.3 Gt/yr of CO2 in 2007.And sadly, we humans in 2017 emitted 36 gigatons of CO2, an astounding increase of 23 percent since 2007. (Search “global greenhouse gas emissions EPA”).What does the correct math tell us? Last year, atmospheric CO2 increased by 15.3 gigatons, and humans emitted more than twice that – 36 gigatons. Mr. Anderson’s numbers are wrong, and wrong math/science is a big problem nowadays.Rather than throwing in the towel and adding stilts to our foundations, as Mr. Anderson suggests, let’s reduce, reuse, recycle — and show our math.Guy SpiersNiskayunaMore from The Daily Gazette:Niskayuna girls’ cross country wins over BethlehemEDITORIAL: Find a way to get family members into nursing homesFoss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?EDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusEDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationlast_img read more

Update on the latest in sports:

first_imgInslee said that if the state sees an uptick in infections of the new coronavirus, or if people don’t continue to take safety measures while recreating, the activities could again be restricted. Public gatherings and events, team sports and camping are all still prohibited under the current stay-at-home order that has been in place since March 23.In other coronavirus-related sports developments:— The head of Japan’s medical association thinks it will be difficult to hold the Olympics without an effective coronavirus vaccine. Japan and the International Olympic Committee agreed to postpone the Tokyo 2020 Summer Games until July next year due to the global pandemic. Japan is under a monthlong state of emergency amid a rapid increase of infections throughout the country, where hospitals are overburdened. Japan Medical Association President Yoshitake Yokokura says even if infections are under control in Japan by next summer, it would still be hard to stage the games unless the pandemic is over in the rest of the world. Experts have said it could take 12-18 months or longer to develop a vaccine that is safe and effective for clinical use. — The American Hockey League is “quite likely” to cancel the rest of its season because of the new coronavirus pandemic. That’s according to a person with direct knowledge of league discussions who commented anonymously because the person was not authorized to discuss the plans of the NHL’s top minor league. The AHL responded by saying there’s “nothing imminent” in terms of calling off the remainder of the season. Last week, AHL President and CEO David Andrews said the league was “pivoting” to the 2020-21 season but added nothing was official.— Arsenal has reopened part of its training ground for players to run alone as the English Premier League accelerates planning for “Project Restart” with the British government. It comes amid increased scrutiny of Downing Street downplaying the potential for sports to exacerbate the coronavirus outbreak seven weeks ago. It took Arsenal manager Mikel Arteta and Chelsea player Callum Hudson-Odoi testing positive for COVID-19 on March 12 for the league to be suspended. Now the decision to allow sports to restart will be informed by experts who said there was “no rationale” to closing them down in the first place. The Lakers applied for the loan under the Small Business Administration’s Paycheck Protection Program, and they received it in the first round of distribution.The team returned its loan after the fund ran out of money in less than two weeks. So did several wealthier businesses that had applied for the funds, including Shake Shack and AutoNation.The Lakers qualified for the program because they have only about 300 employees. But the team is thought to be the NBA’s second-most valuable franchise, with Forbes estimating a value of $4.4 billion.VIRUS OUTBREAK-NBA FACILITIESNBA pushes plan to reopen facilities until May 8 at earliest April 28, 2020 — Clemson has canceled all of its in-person, on-campus athletic and academic camps due to the coronavirus pandemic and will remain closed until May 8. The cancellations include two weeks of coach Dabo Swinney’s football camps, which have been popular stops for young people eager to gain instruction and contacts with Clemson coaches in all sports. Swinney and his staff have done well in attracting some of the nation’s top players.— There won’t be any sun or sand for beach volleyball pros amid the coronavirus pandemic. The AVP tour has created a public service announcement to urge its fans to stay home to help fight the spread of the disease. Olympic medalists April Ross and Todd Rogers and a handful of the tour’s other stars recorded videos at home that were assembled for the spot that debuted on Monday.— The title sponsor of New Orleans’ canceled PGA Tour event is donating $1.5 million to the tournament’s primary charitable foundation. The donation matches the amount raised during the 2019 Zurich Classic, which was played in a team format and won by the tandem of Ryan Palmer and Jon Rahm. For more than six decades, the New Orleans-area PGA Tour event’s primary charity has been The Fore!Kids Foundation, which raises money through golf events and distributes funds to area children’s service organizations.— USA Swimming has announced its plans for a return to competition, beginning with a series of regional events in August before the national schedule begins in early November at Richmond, Virginia. The governing body is canceling all national events in July and early August because of the coronavirus pandemic. The regional events will be held in August, with an eye toward limiting the need for travel and promoting a safer environment for athletes, coaches, officials and families.— UEFA is paying $255 million in advance to its national federations and easing requirements on how they spend it during the pandemic. UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin says the money “can be used as our members see fit to rebuild the football community.” Ceferin says “this is a responsible decision to help as much as we can.” UNDATED (AP) — The new Texas Rangers ballpark is among possible venues Major League Baseball could use if it decides to start the season with groups of teams in different areas.Among the different plans looked at by Major League Baseball is to use Texas as a mid-American hub.Having all 30 teams based in Phoenix has been examined. So has having groups of teams in Arizona, Texas and Florida.All of those areas have climate-controlled MLB stadiums, and other nearby ballparks. The Rangers still haven’t played a game in their new stadium with a retractable roof.NFL NEWS — FIFA wants to let soccer teams use five substitutes to cope with expected schedule congestion caused by the coronavirus pandemic. FIFA says the temporary plan could help prevent more injuries due to “potential player overload” as soccer competitions catch up with a backlog. The proposal gives competition organizers the option of letting teams use five substitutes in 90 minutes and a sixth in knockout games that go to extra time. FIFA says the rule could be used by all competitions finishing this year and next and all national team games through 2021.— Formula One chairman Chase Carey says he is “increasingly confident” the season can start in July despite the first 10 races being canceled or postponed because of the coronavirus pandemic. The French Grand Prix decided to call off its race on June 28 rather than postponing it. That means the earliest start date is now the Austrian GP on July 5. F1 plans to start racing in Europe “through July, August and beginning of September, with the first race taking place in Austria.” Carey expects the early races to be without fans but hopes they “will be part of our events as we move further into the schedule.”,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6 MIAMI (AP) — The NBA has pushed back plans that would allow teams to reopen their practice facilities for at least one week.The NBA had decided over the weekend to have teams open their gyms for voluntary player workouts on Friday, if local and state laws made such a move permissible. But on Monday the league revised that potential opening date until May 8, at the earliest.The NBA says the May 8 date is far from firm, warning teams that it “may push this timing back if developments warrant.” VIRUS OUTBREAK-BASEBALLNew Rangers park among possible MLB ideas for season start Update on the latest in sports: McVay’s Rams begin virtual learning in unusual NFL offseasonUNDATED (AP) — Los Angeles Rams coach Sean McVay has big plans for an offseason of virtual learning for his players.The Rams will hold four 90-minute virtual sessions of teaching per week, learning their new assignments and schemes on computers and tablets instead of the grass. McVay will spice up the sessions with guest speakers, including Clippers coach Doc Rivers and hopefully Dodgers manager Dave Roberts.The Rams have plenty of work to do during the offseason although they finished 9-7 last year for their third straight winning season under McVay. Along with several major roster changes, McVay hired a new offensive coordinator, defensive coordinator and special teams coordinator.Elsewhere around the NFL:center_img UNDATED (AP) — The Chicago Blackhawks have fired team president John McDonough, ending a wildly successful run that included three Stanley Cup championships.The surprising move comes with the NHL season on pause because of the coronavirus pandemic. And it raises questions about the direction of one of the league’s marquee franchises. McDonough had been supportive of general manager Stan Bowman despite three straight seasons of lackluster results.Owner Rocky Wirtz says it was a difficult move, but he thinks it’s the “right decision.” The owner’s 43-year-old son Danny Wirtz is replacing McDonough on an interim basis. Danny Wirtz is a vice president with the team.In other NHL news:— Longtime NHL forward Joel Ward has retired. The 39-year-old Ward last played in the NHL in 2018 for the San Jose Sharks. He went to training camp with Montreal the following season but was unable to get another shot. Ward started his career with Minnesota and also played for Nashville and Washington in his 11-year career. — The Cleveland Browns have exercised the fifth-year contract options on star defensive end Myles Garrett and tight end David Njoku. The decision on Garrett was no surprise. He was the No. 1 overall pick in the 2017 draft. He’s developed into one of the NFL’s premiere pass rushers and was on his way to another big season in 2019 before he was suspended for striking Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Mason Rudolph in the head with a helmet. Njoku missed 10 games last season after breaking his wrist.— The Washington Redskins have exercised the fifth-year option on defensive lineman Jonathan Allen’s rookie contract. The team announced the expected move in the aftermath of the NFL draft. Allen was Washington’s first-round pick in 2017 and has started 36 games. The Alabama product has 139 tackles and 15 sacks so far as a pro. He was voted defensive captain in his third season and has emerged as one of the Redskins’ leaders in his mid-20s.— Patriots fullback James Develin is retiring from the NFL because of complications from the neck injury that caused him to miss the final 14 games of last season. He announced his decision in an Instagram message. The 31-year-old has been a staple of both New England’s offense and special teams since joining the team in 2012. He was selected to his first Pro Bowl in 2017 as a fullback. — The Atlanta Falcons have added more help on offense in reaching agreements with 20 college free agents. The Falcons focused on defense in the NFL draft. Among the college free agents who agreed to terms were three wide receivers, two tight ends, one fullback and five offensive linemen. Jalen McCleskey of Tulane, Chris Rowland of Tennessee State and Juwan Green of Albany are the three wide receivers in the group. The Falcons also reached deals with tight ends Jared Pinkney of Vanderbilt and Caleb Repp of Utah State.— The Jacksonville Jaguars have agreed to terms with 18 undrafted free agents. The list includes running backs James Robinson and Tavien Feaster. Robinson or Feaster should have a decent shot at making the team’s 53-man roster because Jacksonville didn’t address the position in free agency or the NFL draft. Robinson ran for 4,444 yards and 44 touchdowns during four seasons at Illinois State. Feaster played three years at Clemson before transferring to South Carolina. He was the Gamecocks’ leading rusher last year, finishing with 572 yards and five touchdowns on the ground. NASCARAll eyes on NASCAR as it races toward restartCHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) — NASCAR is racing toward a restart that could come as early as mid-May.The stock car series is trying to put together a schedule that allows it to race in states that have started re-opening without spectators. The series is working on safety protocols that other racing leagues will be watching.Teams could be back at work in North Carolina race shops by the end of the week when local stay-at-home orders expire.  — The New York Giants have agreed to contract terms with 15 players who were not taken in the NFL draft this weekend. Among the players who reached agreements were two Ohio State receivers, Austin Mack and Binjimen Victor.— The Minnesota Vikings have agreed to terms on contracts with 12 college free agents. That’s after the record haul of 15 draft picks they made over the weekend. Texas A&M wide receiver Quartney Davis was one of the priorities, as one of the top-rated undrafted prospects. The 6-foot-1, 201-pound Davis skipped his final season with Texas A&M to turn pro. He had 616 yards and four touchdowns in 11 games for the Aggies in 2019.— Each of the NFC East teams will carry an international player on its practice squad in the upcoming season. As part of its developmental program, the NFL has assigned Mexico’s Isaac Alarcon to Dallas, Germany’s David Bada to Washington, Australia’s Matt Leo to Philadelphia, and Austria’s Sandro Platzgummer to the New York Giants. The division was chosen as part of a random draw.NHL NEWSBlackhawks fire team president McDonough in surprising move Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditLAKERS-CORONAVIRUS LOANLakers return $4.6 million from stimulus loan programLOS ANGELES (AP) — The Los Angeles Lakers have repaid a loan of roughly $4.6 million from a coronavirus relief program after learning the program’s funds had been depleted. SPORTS-VIRUS OUTBREAKGolf to resume in Washington StateUNDATED (AP) — Washington Gov. Jay Inslee has announced that golf can resume in the state beginning May 5.The announcement on Monday was part of a partial resumption of outdoor activities that includes fishing, hunting and use of state parks and state lands for day trips.Inslee said that the Golf Alliance of Washington has established several rules, including spacing out of tee times, limits on the number of people playing golf together, and allowing take-away food and beverage service only.last_img read more

Henry Onyekuru: New Kid on the Emirates Block

first_imgAfter failing to qualify for the UEFA Champions League for the first time in his 21 years in charge of Arsenal and the chances of losing high -profile players likely imminent, Arsene Wenger’s first signing is surprisingly Nigerian teenager, Henry Onyekuru. Is this young Nigerian ripe for the robust English Premier League? Is Onyekuru the kind of player Wenger needs in his ‘z̄’ times? Kunle Adewale asks “Thierry Henry has always been my idol since I was a kid. I love watching him play, watching Arsenal and going to YouTube to watch most of his games. I remember saying if I had to move to the Premier League I want to be like Thierry Henry. So, it’s like a dream come true,” Onyekuru said.In a chat with THISDAY, former Nigerian international, and footballer’s agent, Waidi Akani is of the opinion that for Arsenal to have signed Onyekuru, it means he has something up his sleeves.“Arsenal is one of the top clubs in Europe with a very formidable scouting team. So, for them to have scouted him, it means he has a very great potential and future. However, that does not mean the club gets it right all the time.“His move to Arsenal is a big benefit to Nigeria and the national team coaches should take advantage of it, but without relegating any of the players we have at our disposal simply because he had signed for a big team like Arsena.“Really, we cannot count on him for now because he is yet to prove himself for the country at any level. Football is not a one-season game, so we should not get so excited thinking that we now have a good striker simply because he scored 24 goals last season for his Belgian club.“He is still young, just 19 years old. Maybe he should first be tried at the Under 20 or 23 level and see what he can offer. Football could be funny at times. With all the noise about him, he might just not fit into our style of football”, Akani noted.The 19-year-old is the top scorer in the Belgian league with 24 goals and nine assists in all competitions last season, which has caught the eye of the Gunners as Wenger looks to build a squad to challenge for the title next season.The north London club has already had a £87m bid rejected for Monaco forward, Kylian Mbappe, this summer and Wenger is desperate to get a few new faces to the squad in an attempt to add some verve after missing out on qualifying for the Champions League for the first time in over 20 years. Onyekuru comes in handy with a price tag of £6.8million after he was initially linked with Celtic as a replacement for Moussa Dembele, but a rumoured £1million bid was laughed away as he is ‘too good’ for Scottish football.However, there is enough there to make it a worthwhile investment. When one considers Real Madrid have just spent £38m on Vinicius Junior, a 16-year-old yet to play 90 minutes of senior football, it looks like a bargain.Wenger has been criticised for not signing the star players Arsenal need to compete for the biggest prizes. Even those who are glad he is staying at Arsenal want him to make more daring moves. Therefore, an unknown Onyekuru who Wenger seems to have signed with little opposition from rivals does not fit that bill.At least, Arsenal fans can be assured they are getting a player who is delighted to be there. Onyekuru said, “I have had fun in Belgium, but I have always dreamed of the Premier League.”Some analysts, however, are of the opinion that Onyekuru’s invitation to the Super Eagles was long overdue, arguing that there had been some incredulity at his absence from the initial squad named by Gernot Rohr, and was only invited by virtue of the unavailability of striker Olarenwaju Kayode for the friendlies against Corsica and Togo.Not that it matters how he got in, only that he had, and finally he had the chance to showcase his abilities to the coaching crew.Onyekuru can play all across the front line; he favours the left as it gives him the space he needs to go through the gears, as well as come inside on his stronger right foot. His low centre of gravity, as he stands at about 5ft 9in, enables quick changes of direction, but his dribbling style really isn’t defined by it, unlike most players his size. He does have good close control, but relies more on his speed and trickery, often looking like he has shown too much to the opponent before snatching it away.In front of goal, Onyekuru is an improviser. He possesses good movement, especially when he has to spin in behind a full-back; he is often up and away before they even know it. When through, he can finish in a number of ways; though, like most speedsters, he seems to enjoy going past the goalkeeper. That doesn’t preclude dinks, curled finishes in the manner of his idol and namesake, Thierry Henry.There is a lot to admire about him, but he is still a teenager, so there are a lot of areas where he can improve. That is only natural. His aptitudes for the defensive side of the game, as well as his decision-making, are still undeveloped.Name the attributes of a stereotypical Wenger signing in the last 10 years – quick, small, skillful, an attacker who can play all across the front line but whose best position is not yet entirely clear – and you have a potted description of Onyekuru.He is unashamedly direct – he will pick the ball up, accelerate quickly, and go towards goal. He also has shades of Arjen Robben – he plays mostly on the left for Eupen, so he can cut in and shoot on his stronger right foot.Surprisingly for one blessed with such pace, Onyekuru likes to come deep for the ball, rather than playing on the shoulder of defenders.He is small of stature – 5ft 9in – but uses this quick change of direction effectively, bamboozling defenders, using his change of pace to get past his man rather than a barrage of step overs.Perhaps the biggest weakness in Onyekuru’s game is a streak of single-mindedness. It can manifest as overconfidence or as selfishness, but too often he wants to go alone. He will often get the better of his marker, and opt for a shot from an angle rather than lay in a teammate in a better position centrally.This selfishness has also been apparent off the pitch when he went on strike in January after claiming that Eupen had broken promises to sell him in the transfer window that month.If he is given time, Onyekuru has the makings of a Premier League star. Whether he gets that time is another matter.The prospect of a link up with Rohr’s attacking prodigies for Nigeria is also umber-appealing; one need only think what a front four including him, Isaac Success, Alex Iwobi and Kelechi Iheanacho could get up to.Onyekuru began his football career with the Aspire Academy in 2010, and graduated in 2015 joining their partner club, KAS Eupen and made his debut for Eupen in September of the same year in a 2-2 tie against Dessel Sport in the Belgian Second Division and helped the team get promoted to the Belgium First Division A in his debut season.After a successful season in the Belgium first division, Onyekuru finished as one of the top scorers in the league, catching the attention of various big teams in Europe. He finished the 2016–17 season as joint top-scorer with 22 goals, but the trophy was handed to his rival as he scored more away goals than Onyekuru.He made his senior debut for Nigeria in a 3-0 friendly win over Togo on July 1.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram With £150 million to spend in the summer transfer, Arsenal fans are optimistic of the arrival of big-names at the Emirates Stadium, but, it was Nigerian and KAS Eupen of Belgium striker, Henry Onyekuru that was Arsene Wenger’s first summer signing.The forward is a fan of Arsenal legend and record goalscorer, Thierry Henry, and is delighted joining the club of his dreams.last_img read more